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BC考试如何善用阅读中的写作素材
发布日期 :2018.05.21    浏览次数:1047 次

写作素材匮乏一直是许多学生面临的一个问题,许多学生在考试中也一直苦于素材缺乏而无从下笔。今天,我分享的主题是BC考试中如何从阅读中提取写作素材。

下面我以××年的BC模拟题为例。这一年所考的写作题目之一是The Power of Music.其对应的阅读文章为About You: How Music Affects Your Moods。

首先,就写作话题而言,它要求我们写的是音乐的力量。从文体上来分析,它属于说明文。从内容上来看,在我们的作文中,需要重点说明音乐对我们产生的影响。那么,音乐对我们究竟有哪些方面的影响呢?对于想法受限的学生来说,这时我们可以利用阅读素材来获取写作灵感。
回到阅读中来,结合文章,我们可以提炼出如下要点:

1)Music can change how you feel.
2) Music may help make your brain work better.
3) Music help you relax.
4) Music can keep you healthy.

在我们的主体段写作中,常常采用的结构为:Topic sentence + Supporting details + Closing sentence.以上要点则可以算作是我们的topic sentence。此时,我们可以利用同义替换的方法将上面的部分词替换掉,变成我们的想法。 如Music can change how you feel可以变为Music can change our mood.
写完了topic sentence,接下来我们需要回到supporting details上来。同样,我们可以从文章中找到一些细节信息来支撑我们的要点。如:

1)Music can change our mood.
•If you are feeling just down, play a favorite song and tell someone how it makes you feel. A group of teens suffering them depression shared their favorite songs with each other. Each teen explained why he or she liked the song. After talking about it, the teens said they felt better,
2) Music may help make your brain work better.
•Playing music while doing homework helps keep your brain in shape.
•Experts suggest playing slow music can help you concentrate while you study. It may even improve your memory.
3) Music help you relax.
•Soft music with long, gentle notes is what many people paly to relax.
•If you want to relax at home, try listening to nature sounds, or look for music with a single instrument you like, such as a piano, flute, or a guitar. Maybe just hearing a single voice soothes you.
4) Music can keep you healthy.
•For people who are sick, music can do more than just help them relax. It may help make them well again. Doctors in ancient Greece believed that music was just as important as medicine in treating patients.
•Today, some doctors believe music is a healer. It is sometimes used to help reduce pain after surgery or during difficult treatment.
•Studies have shown that music may help boost the body’s immune system.

在找到这些对应的写作素材之后,我们需要做的就是将这些材料巧妙地运用到我们的写作中。这里要介绍的方法还是关键词提取+同义替换。同样,我通过一个例子来说明。

•Today, some doctors believe music is a healer. It is sometimes used to help reduce pain after surgery or during difficult treatment.
= According to some researchers, music may be effective for treating disease. It is believed that music can be used to reduce pain after surgery or during difficult treatment.
•Studies have shown that music may help boost the body’s immune system.
= It is shown that music may help boost the body’s immune system.

以上就是我提供的一种增加写作素材的方法,希望能对各位BC考生有所启发。

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